As an indigenous minority group, Native Hawaiians are recognized as having a "special trust relationship" with the U. government, similar to Native American Indians (along with Native Alaskans), entitling them to special programs and resources. This decision basically throws into question the fundamental rights of Native Hawaiians.
In light of the ruling, Hawai'i's two Senators, Daniel Akaka and Daniel Inouye introduced the "Native Hawaiian Government Reorganization Act" (aka the "Akaka Bill") before Congress in 2000.
The Akaka bill would provide an avenue for both the people of Hawai'i and the U. Congress to correct the historical injustices they have suffered collectively as a people, and enable them to exercise self-determination through self-governance, in order to heal as a people. There are more than 130,000 Samoans living in the U.
S., with two-thirds being monoracial and another third being multiracial.
After Samoans, the next-largest NHPI group are the natives of the island of Guam, also known as Chamorro. Besides the cultural and ethnic differences between Asians and Pacific Islanders, one of the main motivations for NHPI activists to fight for separate racial recognition by the Census Bureau was the very real socioeconomic differences between the groups.
There are only about 157,000 people living on today's multicultural Guam, of whom about half are Chamorro. Indeed, while some NHPIs have very high incomes and educations, a disproportionate percentage are impoverished, have lower educations, and may require or need public assistance.
The 2000 Census further allowed respondents to pick more than one racial identity and as a result, divining what the exact NHPI population is became more difficult, especially since a huge proportion-more than half of all NHPIs-are of multiracial ancestry. territories of Guam, American Samoa, Northern Mariana Islands, and the U. Virgin Islands are completely excluded by the Census. Through diseases introduced into the islands by colonization, by 1900 the pure Native Hawaiian population declined to 29,800 with another 7,800 Hawaiians of mixed ancestry.